Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military leader and emperor that was able to conqueror much of Europe in the 19th Century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution. After seizing political power in 1799 through coup d’état in France, he crowned himself emperor. Napoleon successfully waged war against other European nations thus extending his empire. But when a French invasion of Russia in 1812 failed, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later and left for the island of Elba in exile. A few years later he was briefly able to returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. But after the fail in the Battle of Waterloo he was exiled to the island of Saint Helena, where he would die at the age of 51.